A Comprehensive Guide to GST Refund for Exports: Process, Eligibility, and Requirements

Published on: Tue Jun 07 2022
A Comprehensive Guide to GST Refund for Exports: Process, Eligibility, and Requirements

What is GST Refund under Exports & how does it work?

Exporters may apply for a GST (Goods and Services Tax) refund for the GST they paid on the goods or services that are exporting using this process. By preventing exporters from being compelled to pay tax on the same goods or services twice—once in the country of origin and again in the country of destination—the GST refund serves to protect exporters from double taxation.

Process of getting GST Refund of Exports

Depending on the country’s GST regulations, there are several steps for claiming a GST refund for exports. Generally speaking, in order to qualify for a GST refund, the exporter must fulfil certain requirements, such as:

  • The exporter must have a current GSTIN (GST Identification Number) and be a registered GST user.
  • The goods or services must have left the nation within a certain time frame.
  • A shipping bill, bill of lading, or airway bill are acceptable forms of export documentation that must be provided by the exporter.
  • GST on the exported goods or services must have been paid by the exporter.

Exporters may apply to the GST authorities for a refund of the GST they have already paid, once they satisfy these requirements. Details on the goods or services exported, the amount of GST paid, and export documentation must all be included in the application.

If the exporter’s claim is found to be valid, the GST authorities will review it and refund the exporter’s GST payment. In most cases, the reimbursement sum will be credited to the exporter’s bank account within a certain time frame.

Therefore, by lowering the tax burden on exporters and raising the competitiveness of their goods and services on the international market, the GST refund for exports helps in the promotion of exports.

There are two ways in which Exports can be carried out in India with respect to GST-

The exporter is responsible for adhering to the GST law’s obligations, which include keeping records, generating tax invoices, and submitting returns, in both ways of export. Only once the exporter has satisfied all criteria of GST legislation is the GST refund for exports accessible.Zero rated supply may involve

  • Through the payment of IGST: On the value of the exported goods or services, the exporter will pay the IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax). The process outlined by the GST statute must be followed in order for the exporter to claim a refund of the IGST that was paid on the exported goods or services.
  • Through Bond or Letter of Undertaking (LUT): By providing a LUT or Bond, the exporter may export goods or services without having to pay IGST. The LUT/Bond is a promise that the exporter will pay all taxes due and provide all necessary paperwork to the GST authorities within the allotted time frame. The unutilized input tax credit (ITC) on the inputs used in the exported products or services may be refunded by the exporter. Exporters with a strong track record of compliance and who haven’t faced legal action for a GST violation may use the LUT/Bond program. The facility must be renewed prior to the preceding financial year’s expiration in order to remain in effect.

Learn all about the basic details of Refunds under GST Export

No GST is charged on exporters when exports are regarded as zero-rated supplies under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system. Since these inputs were utilized to produce the exported goods or services, exporters are qualified to get a refund of the GST paid on those costs. Here is the basic information about GST refunds for exports:

  • Eligibility: The GST paid on inputs used in the manufacture of the exported goods or services may be refunded to any registered exporters who have provided goods or services outside of India.
  • Time Limit: The exporter has two years from the relevant date—that is, either the date of GST payment or the date of invoice issuance, whichever is later—to file a refund claim.
  • Application Process: On the GST site, the exporter must submit a Form GST RFD-01A request for a refund.
  • Documents Required: A copy of the shipping bill or bill of export, an invoice, a GST payment challan, and a declaration declaring that the claimed refund was not obtained by fraud or wilful falsification must all be submitted by the exporter with the refund application.
  • Processing of Refund: The GST officer will examine the application and any supporting papers when the refund request has been submitted. Within 60 days of the application’s receiving date, if everything is deemed to be in order, the refund will be given. The exporter may be asked to supply the requested information within a certain period of time if there are any inconsistencies or if further information is needed.
  • Refund Payment: The electronic payment method will be used to credit the refund amount to the exporter’s bank account. The exporter’s computerized credit ledger, which may be used to settle future tax bills, may also get credit for the refund.

What is Form GST RFD-01/1A?

Under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system, a refund application form is designated as GST RFD-01/1A. Registered taxpayers use this form to request a refund of any over taxes paid, including GST-related interest, penalties, and input tax credits.

For the purpose of requesting a refund of GST paid on account of zero-rated supplies or considered exports, utilize form GST RFD-01. To a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) developer of the SEZ unit, this comprises exports of products, services, or supplies.

To seek a refund of any other amount of tax paid, such as excess tax, tax on an advance for a supply that was not made, or tax paid on a provisional basis; use Form GST RFD-01A.

The taxpayer must fill out both forms and include information such as the tax period for which the refund is being requested, the amount of the requested refund, and any necessary supporting documentation, such as invoices, shipping bills, and payment challans.

In order to guarantee that the refund application is submitted accurately and on time, it is advised to obtain expert help since the GST refund procedure might be complicated.

In which refund type is Form GST RFD-01/1A not applicable?

For the purpose of requesting a refund of GST paid on account of zero-rated supplies or considered exports, form GST RFD-01/1A is not appropriate. Form GST RFD-01 is applicable for such refunds.

For the purpose of requesting a refund of any other amount of tax paid, including excess tax, tax on an advance for a supply that was not made, and provisional tax, utilize form GST RFD-01/1A.

The various circumstances may have varying paperwork needs and refund claims processes. To guarantee that the reimbursement claim is submitted accurately and on time, it is advised to obtain expert help.

Who Can Claim GST Refund from Exports?

Any registered person is eligible to get a refund of the GST paid on the inputs used to produce such goods who have exported goods or services outside of India. The GST-registered producers, deemed exports, supplies to SEZ units & developers, refund of accumulated ITC due to inverted duty structure, and exporters are included in this.

The exporter must, however, have verifiable proof that the goods or services were provided outside of India in order to be eligible for a refund. The input tax credit cannot have been used for any other responsibility and the exporter must have paid GST on the inputs used to produce the exported goods or services.

What are the prerequisites to applying for a GST Refund?

There are a few prerequisites that must be satisfied in order to submit an application for a refund under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system. The following prerequisites are discussed below:

  • For the month you are submitting the claim, file form GSTR-1. Indicate in GSTR-1 the specific supplies and their information for which you are requesting a refund.
  • For the month before you are submitting the claim, submit form GSTR-3B.
  • Submitting GST RFD-01/1A Form
  • Submit an export manifest or export report

Any of these requirements that are not met may cause the refund claim to be denied. In order to make sure that all requirements are satisfied and the refund application is submitted properly and on time, it is advised to obtain expert help.

Is there a specified timeline for claiming GST Refunds on Exports? What is a ‘Relevant Date’?

Yes, the refund for claiming GST refunds on exports has a deadline. Within two years after the relevant date, the refund application must be submitted. The kind of refund claim will decide the relevant date, which is determined as follows:

  • The date on which the shipping bill or bill of export is lodged is the relevant date for the purpose of refund tax paid on goods exported from India.
  • The relevant date for the purpose of refund tax paid on services exported out of India is the earlier of the date of invoice issuance or receipt of payment.
  • The end of the fiscal year in which the export occurs is the relevant date for refunds of unused input tax credits resulting from the export of goods or services without payment of tax.
  • The relevant date is the date of tax payment for a refund of tax paid on input services used to make goods exported out of India.

The refund claim may be refused if the refund application is not submitted within the required time frame. It is the responsibility of the exporters that they submit their refund requests within the necessary deadline given under the tax law.

Furthermore, the refund claim procedure may be delayed if the GST officials thoroughly examine the refund application. To make sure the refund application is done properly and all necessary papers are submitted on time, it is important to obtain expert guidance.

FAQs

  1. What is the procedure for claiming an export GST refund?

A: An application in Form GST RFD-01 must be submitted to the GST authorities in order to get a GST refund for exports. The exporter must have the necessary paperwork to support the refund claim, and the application must be submitted within two years after the relevant date.

  1. What is the relevant date for claiming a refund of GST paid on exported goods or services?

A: According to the nature of the refund claim, a relevant date may apply. For Example, the date on which the shipping bill or bill of export is lodged determines whether tax paid on goods exported out of India would be refunded.

  1. Is it possible to seek a GST refund for inputs used in the manufacture of non-exported goods?

A: Yes, in certain situations such as excess tax paid, tax paid on an advance received for a supply that was not completed, and tax paid on a provisional basis, a refund of GST paid on inputs used in the manufacturing of goods that are not exported may be claimed.

  1. What are the consequences of filing an incorrect or incomplete refund application?

A: A refund claim may be rejected or the processing of the refund may be delayed if an erroneous or incomplete refund application is submitted. To ensure that the refund claim is completed accurately and with all the supporting documentation, it is crucial to obtain expert help.

Are you Looking for GST Refund Service? Mygstrefund.com offers GST refunds on business, exports, and many more if your GST application is rejected. Get in touch with us today.

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